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The themes answered the research question and the experience of enduring pain by learning to live with it permeated the five themes as an underlying meaning, both explicitly and implicitly, which strengthened the credibility of the themes.
The approaches generated to learn to endure pain in daily living by these participants should be discussed with older adults in similar situations for further additions, refinements and validation.
Language is way to convey these expectations. Yes we have had a good home in every way, family circumstances and everything. The first and second author, an experienced professor and researcher on the topic of pain in hospital and home settings and an expert in qualitative methods, analyzed the first interview separately, compared, discussed and reached consensus about codes and potential themes.
Stemler S An overview of content analysis. In fact, the stoicism might be an effort by older adults to prevent becoming distanced from others. Worldwide, there is an increasing number of older adults, the majority of whom remain living at home. Eur J Public Health Age Ageing 42 Suppl 1: Physiother Theory Pract 9: Furthermore, some of the older adults had found out that their state of mood influenced their notion of pain.
A Norwegian in-depth interview study of pain in nursing home residents. Qual Health Res In the interviews it was as though the older adults knew that they their families cared about them and that they could ask for help when needed.
Furthermore, holding on to habits and routines ldy the older adults stay as active as they desired and endure the pain. The older adults, within the context of a negotiated reality [ 7273 ] tried to focus on things that gave meaning and strength in life, such as capturing, enjoying and valuing moments of pleasure.
The balancing was oriented both internally balance within self and externally balance towards the surrounding world similar to that described by Lipworth 199913 al. J Appl Gerontol Arthritis Care Res Hoboken Several of the older adults had learned that nothing good came from complaining, for themselves nor in relation to others. In addition, the maintenance of daily activities distracted the older adults, which in turn helped to lower their awareness of the pain.
Leu W Musculoskeletal pain in the adult New Zealand population: It seemed that the health care providers recognized the lack of satisfying pain relief but were not able to provide any more help.
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They focused on how to live with musculoskeletal pain and had realized that there was no other way out than to endure and learn to live with this pain in their daily lives, an orientation which contrasts with much of the existing literature on pain. This winter we had bingo down in the basement every other Thursday ,ey then this woman came up to get me and said: This experience was dominated by learning. Some even came to view the pain as a friend in life.
How do older adults endure long term musculoskeletal pain that have lasted at least for 6 months in their daily life at home? When that time came, they tried their best to alleviate the situation for their family and other caregivers. It helped them to endure by learning to live with pain in a way that they could keep on living a daily life.
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This expectation was established within themselves, but was also felt oey be present among family, friends and health care providers. I try to be as neutral as possible to not put a burden on 19931 since I know that she has much to do and that it becomes burdensome, it has worked very well so far.
They had 199913 that the only way to be able to endure was to learn to live with their pain. Occup Ther Int The second reading was done to confirm the aspect of enduring long-term musculoskeletal pain in daily life at home which constituted the foundation for the 119913 question: The reluctance to complain about pain and not disturb others has been recognized in other studies [ 6465 ]. The first author continued to analyze the following interviews and each analysis condensations, codes and preliminary themes were discussed.
Wiener CL The burden of rheumatoid arthritis: J Soc Psychol Postgrad Med J Woo J, Leung J, Lau E Prevalence and correlates of musculoskeletal pain in Chinese elderly and the impact on 4-year physical function and quality of life. The older adults had lived with long-term musculoskeletal pain ranging from two to 50 years and one woman had lived with this type of pain for about 75 years, almost her entire lifetime.
In this study, the families and health care providers had implicit and explicit expectations and demands that the older adult tried their best to fulfill in order not to be a burden and become distanced.