Her father was a wealthy industrialist, her mother was Irish. She also had an Irish nanny, Mary Cavanaugh, who told her Gaelic tales. Leonora had three brothers. Leonora Carrington was an English-born Mexican artist and painter. Yhis biography profiles her childhood, life, painting career, works. Read the biography of Leonora Carrington. Discover interesting facts about Leonora Carrington on artnet.

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Leonora Carringtonborn April 6,Clayton Green, LancashireEngland—died May 25,Mexico City, MexicoEnglish-born Mexican Surrealist artist and writer known for her haunting, autobiographical, somewhat inscrutable paintings that incorporate images of sorcerymetamorphosisalchemyand the occult.

Carrington was raised in a wealthy Roman Catholic family on a large cxrrington called Crookhey Hall.

From an early age Carrington rebelled against both her family and her religious upbringing. She was expelled from at least two convent schools before being sent to boarding school in Florence at about age There she encountered Surrealism for the first time.

She met Max Ernst in and soon became romantically involved with him. When Carrington, just 20 years old, ran off to Paris to live with year-old Ernst, her father was shocked and subsequently disowned her. In Paris, Carrington met the wider Surrealist circle: She created her earliest Surrealist works in the next two years, carington her well-known Self-Portrait: The Inn of the Dawn Horse —38which shows her with a wild mane of hair in a room with a rocking horse floating behind her, a hyena at her feet, and a white horse galloping away outside the window.

Images of the horse and the hyena, which continued to figure prominently in her work, reveal a lifelong love of animals. As in her paintings from that period, such as Self-Portraithorses and hyenas appear in the stories.

Utterly distraughtCarrington left France carringtom Spain and suffered a mental breakdown in As a result, she was hospitalized against her will in a mental institution in SantanderSpain.

She wrote of the harsh treatment she endured there in her book Down Below She managed to escape further psychiatric treatment and, through a marriage of convenience with Mexican diplomat Renato Leduc, secured passage to New York in She stayed in New York City about a year, and in that time she continued to write and paint and lronora with other exiled Surrealists.


She left New York City for Mexico indivorced Leduc, became a Mexican citizen, and settled in Mexico Citywhere she lived the rest of her life. Carrington connected with a vibrant and creative group of European artists who had also fled to Mexico City in search of asylum.

Carrington flourished in Mexico and painted fantastical compositions that portrayed metamorphoses.

In she married Hungarian photographer Emerico Weisz and bore two children and Images of domesticity and motherhood—tinged with magic and sorcery—began to appear in her work at this time, as in The House Opposite and The Giantess bikgrafia. Carrington maintained ties to the art world in the United States, and in the Pierre Matisse Gallery in New York City hosted a large solo exhibition of her work.

In the s Carrington began creating large bronze sculptures, a selection of which were displayed publicly in for several months on the streets of Mexico City. Throughout the second half of the 20th century and into the 21st, she was the subject of many exhibitions leonor Mexico and the United States—and after in England as well. When she died at age 94, Carrington was believed to be the last of the Surrealists.

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Leonora Carrington

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Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Naomi Blumberg Learn More in these related Carrinfton articles: Their role in the movement was explored in depth by scholar Whitney Chadwick in her groundbreaking book Women Artists and the Surrealist Movement Sorcerythe practice of malevolent magic, derived from casting lots as a means of divining the future in the ancient Mediterranean world.


Some scholars distinguish sorcery from witchcraft by noting that it is learned rather than intrinsic. Other scholars, noting that modern witches claim to learn their craft, suggest that…. Metamorphosisin biology, carrinvton change of form or structure in an individual after hatching or birth.

Hormones called molting and juvenile hormones, which are not biografoa specific, apparently regulate the changes. Alchemya form of speculative thought that, among other aims, tried to transform base metals such as lead or copper into silver or gold and to discover a cure for disease and a way of extending life. Occultismvarious theories and practices involving a belief in and knowledge or use of supernatural forces or beings.

Such beliefs and carrlngton magical or divinatory—have occurred in all human societies throughout recorded history, with considerable variations both in their nature and in the attitude of societies toward them. Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback.

Leonora Carrington

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