Xerostomia, the subjective complaint of dry mouth, and hyposalivation remain a significant burden for many individuals. Diagnosis of. Saliva is a complex oral secretion, which producd by major and minor salivary glans about liters in 24 hours. In the oral cavity, saliva has several important. Xerostomia is a subjective sensation of a dry mouth which is a common complaint among older This article presents an overview of the Xerostomia and .

Author: Fenrishicage Moogusho
Country: Singapore
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Art
Published (Last): 23 July 2014
Pages: 401
PDF File Size: 6.62 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.43 Mb
ISBN: 515-5-15422-349-2
Downloads: 52369
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mazuru

The role of xerostomia in burning mouth syndrome: a case-control study

Sugar-free gum is also recommended for the management of dry mouth. Also lemon lozenge use in individuals with xerostomia did not show any increase in salivary flow when compared to baseline paraffin-stimulated mean flow rate and the gum-stimulated flow rates. There was a high prevalence of headache and generalized pain in this sample, which had been previously described in trigeminal neuralgia J Clin Pediatr Dent ; Mainak Mukherjee 12 APR Central muscarinic receptors signal pilocarpine-induced salivation.

Xerostomia can be subjective, especially when patients feel that their mouth is dry, but clinical examination does exrostomia reveal any abnormality or cause.

Diagnosis and management of xerostomia and hyposalivation

Adverse effects associated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants: Cevimeline is another muscarinic agonist that stimulates saliva and tear production [30][31].

The patient was oriented to swallow the saliva inside the mouth, and the cotton was placed inside and kept below the tongue for 5 minutes, during which time the patient was cerostomia not to swallow. Xylitol-containing products for preventing dental caries in children and adults. Interventions for the management of dry mouth: Several factors can contribute as causing this condition, such as xerostomiq to head and neck region, local diseases that affect salivary gland, systemic diseases, side effect of drugs and age.


Although large volumes xdrostomia saliva are produced during the course of a single day, salivary flow reduces to near zero during sleep [5].

Cracks, grooves or clefts appear on the top and sides of the tongue. J Oral Rehab ; Ann N Y Acad Sci. Autonomic control of salivary secretion.

It is the serous type of gland that secretes ptyalin. In addition, it would be jurnwl to match the groups for all pain characteristics, including pain duration, to avoid the effect of the pain history on sensory thresholds and the results.

Clin Exp Rheum ; The evaluation started with the quantitative non-stimulated salivary flow by the following method: Anethole trithione is a cholagogue that has been shown to improve oral symptoms and increase the salivary flow in patients with xerostomia and hyposalivation. If your learning was spontaneous, please click: The treatments for BMS include antidepressants, benzodiazepines, anticonvulsants, local or systemic capsaicin, and alpha lipoic acid.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 1: Loss of stippling of the gingiva: Management of burning mouth syndrome: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Proc Finn Dent Soc ; Introduction Xerostomia is defined as the subjective complaint of dry mouth. Other digestive complaints were: The following four substances, corresponding to the four basic tastes, were tested: Salivary flow both stimulated and unstimulated can also be measured selectively from one major salivary gland or minor salivary gland. Now available as a 2 year print subscription to both the BNF and BNFC, ensuring you have the latest medicines information as it publishes and at a greatly reduced price.


Dry mouth: advice and management | Learning article | Pharmaceutical Journal

Latest Celebrating a year xerosto,ia career highlights 12 DEC A systematic review of methods to diagnose oral dryness and salivary gland function. Efficacy of a new oral lubricant solution in the management of psychotropic drug-induced xerostomia: Low unstimulated salivary flow and subjective oral dryness: To find relevant articles please visit here to pick a cluster. This treatment can be repeated for one week, every eight weeks, if the infection is recurrent.

There exist many options for treatment and symptom management: Ther Clin Risk Manag. Pilocarpine is also contraindicated in individuals with narrow-angle glaucoma and iritis, and should be used with caution in individuals with chronic pulmonary disease, asthma, or cardiovascular diseases. Dent Clin North Am ; However, patients report increased jurnl comfort with the use of one or more of these products [15].

These problems reflect the major funcitonal roles of saliva. Medication in elderly people: