HELOSTOMA TEMMINCKII PDF

Synonym(s). Helostoma temmincki Cuvier Taxonomic Notes: The taxonomic status of populations from parts of the species range require confirmation. Common name: Pink Kissing Gourami, Pink Gourami, Kissing Gourami. Scientific name: Helostoma Temminckii. Average Adult Fish Size: 12 inches / 30 cm. Helostoma temmincki or Helostoma temminckii. Common Names. Kissing fish, pink kissing gourami, green kisser. Family, Helostomatidae.

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The extent to which the above range has been modified and helpstoma by humans is unclear. The Sarawak population also appears to be non- native with the species having been introduced there during the s K. This species exhibits a preference for slow-moving or standing waters including floodplain lakes, oxbows, backwaters and swamps, and is particularly associated with black temmincjii clear water habitats around beds of submerged vegetation.

The black water environments are typically associated with ancient peat swamps meaning the water has a negligible dissolved mineral content and helistoma pH can drop as low as 3. Many of its habitats are subject heloetoma annual changes in water volume, turbidity and chemistry and it probably moves between permanent waters and temporarily flooded areas during the wet season.

Such habitats generally support a wide diversity of fishes. For example in the Batang river Kerang floodplain, southern Sarawak, H. Filtration must of course be efficient but try to avoid excessive flow or turbulence by careful placement of returns and outflows.

Lighting is relatively unimportant and can be as bright or dim as you prefer, or tailored to any plants being grown, but if possible algae should not be discouraged.

Do not fill the aquarium to the top as this species requires periodic access to atmospheric air. This species is a highly-specialised, microphagous filter -feeder and possesses very fine gill rakers as well as modified structures on the gill arches to aid in this process. The fleshy lips are also covered in horny teeth which are moveable to a certain extent and used to rasp algae and other microrganisms from submerged surfaces, but there are no additional teeth on the jaws or palate so the fish is largely unable to crush or bite larger objects.

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Kissing gourami

These adaptations also mean it must not be offered very large food items as it cannot crush and swallow them. Suitable only for the larger community set-up alongside other robust fishes.

The latter behaviour seems more pronounced in certain individuals and is possibly related to gender. This species is not gregarious except when juvenile but this is tdmminckii to say you cannot keep a group.

Space again seems to be the restricting factor since in smaller aquaria a single dominant hlostoma can literally harass conspecifics to death. Adult females are rounder-bellied than males when full of eggs but otherwise there are no confirmed external differences. One of the few anabantoids, alongside members of the genera Anabas and Ctenopomanot to exhibit parental care. In nature it spawns at the onset of the rainy season, apparently tending to move into temporarily flooded zones in order to do so.

A single female is capable of producing several thousand eggs per spawning event and these are simply scattered randomly among vegetation. They are buoyant and float during the short incubation period of hours with the fry free-swimming after another 48 hours or so.

This is presumably due to a lack of profitability involved in raising huge numbers of fry with a poor sell-on value and the time required for subadults to become sexually maturethe latter supposedly occurring when they measure around mm SL. The pinkish-white form of this species is among the most widely-traded aquarium fishes in the world but does not occur naturally and is in fact a leucistic variant bred specifically for ornamental purposes.

At any rate H. The relative lack of adults seen yelostoma the hobby no doubt reflects these points to a certain extent since thousands of specimens are sold each year but few appear to survive long-term.

The pink form is sometimes referred to by the invalid name H. The helpstoma has otherwise always been monotypic and is sufficiently different to other anabantoids to be placed in its own familyof which temkinckii remains the sole member, but its exact relationship with other anabantoids is still somewhat unclear.

It shares an ancestral state plesiomorphy with the genus Belontia and family Anabantidae in he,ostoma the second external levator muscle of the second gill arch is unmodified whereas in all other anabantoid species it is modified into a thin layer covering the entire posterior part of the suprabranchial chamber Britz, Like helostoja in the suborder Anabantoidei this species possesses an accessory breathing organ known as the labyrinth.

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So-called due to its maze-like structure this organ allows the fish to breathe atmospheric air to a certain extent. It consists of many highly vascularisedfolded flaps of skin the form of which greatly increases the available respiratory surface area.

The structure of the organ varies in complexity between species tending to be more well-developed in those inhabiting particularly oxygen-deprived conditions.

According to the California Academy Catalogue of Fishes, the species name was spelled temminkii in the original description in However, it helostoam redescribed in more detail two years later by the same author Cuvierwho reported that the original spelling was incorrect and that the corrected spelling was temminckii.

Since it was the original author correcting a spelling error on the first, the corrected spelling of helosstoma should be considered the right one. This correction is within the Rules of Nomenclature. You must be logged in to post a comment. The natural form of this species is rarely-seen in aquaria.

FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture – Aquatic species

This one is from Thailand. Subadult specimen of the ornamental pink form. Mouth detail; natural form. Subadult of pink form.

Juvenile of pink form. Habitat This species exhibits a preference for slow-moving or standing waters including floodplain lakes, oxbows, backwaters and swamps, and is particularly associated with black and clear water habitats around beds of submerged vegetation. Maximum Standard Length — mm. Sexual Dimorphism Adult females are rounder-bellied than males when full of eggs but otherwise there are no confirmed external differences.

Kissing gourami – Wikipedia

Reproduction One of the few anabantoids, alongside members of the genera Anabas and Ctenopomanot to exhibit parental care. Valenciennes, – Histoire naturelle des poissons. Widjanarti, – Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement The Bubble Nest Builders. Zardoya, – Systematic Biology 55 3: Ng, – Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement Anabantoidei, Channoidei of Sumatra, Indonesia.