Disease definition. Hallermann-Streiff syndrome is a rare genetic syndrome characterized mainly by head and facial abnormalities such as bird-like facies ( with. Hallermann-Streiff syndrome is characterized by a typical skull shape ( brachycephaly with frontal bossing), hypotrichosis, microphthalmia, cataracts, beaked. Hallermann-Streiff syndrome (HSS) is a rare inherited disorder characterized by malformations of the cranium and facial bones, congenital.

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Some eye experts suggest corneal stromal opacities, which are ill defined and bilateral with clear stroma between the opacities might be a hallmark feature of this condition. It is probably due to a developmental disorder in the 5 th -6 th gestational week that results in an asymmetric second branchial arch defect [ 5 ]. Alone we are rare. Clinical Variability Dennis et al.

How to cite this URL: Nasal lipofilling has been used to treat the atrophy of the nasal skin, resulting in improvement in nasal skin color and texture.

The Causes of Blindness in Childhood. In addition, there have also been reports in which respiratory insufficiency e.

This potential anesthetic risk must be taken into consideration by surgeons, pediatric anesthesiologists, and other ballermann care providers when making decisions concerning surgery. Early measures are based around ensuring proper breathing and intake of nutrients and may include a tracheostomy.

Br J Ophthal ; Robinow also emphasized the risks of problems with upper airway obstruction in HSS, particularly in the neonatal period and in infancy. A hallegmann tube laryngoscope is used before intubation to help identify the vocal cords. Congenital heart defect in a patient with the Hallermann-Streiff syndrome.

A dyscephaly with congenital cataracts and hypotrichosis. As a result of these small deeply-seated eyes, patients may appear to have small, droopy eyelids blepharoptosis. Hallermann-Streiff syndrome HSS is a rare genetic disorder that is primarily characterized by distinctive malformations of the skull and facial region, sparse hair, eye abnormalities, dental defects, atrophic skin changes and a proportionate short stature.

Ailments of unknown cause Rare diseases Syndromes affecting the eyes Congenital disorders of eye, ear, face and neck Congenital disorders of musculoskeletal system Syndromes affecting stature. Seckel syndrome inherited as an autosomal recessive genetic trait due to homozygous or compound heterozygous mutation in the ATR gene on chromosome 3q Nine years old female child visited the outpatient department of pediatric dentistry with complain of multiple carious teeth which were asymptomatic.


Hallermann-Streiff syndrome-also called occulomandibulofacial syndrome, Francois syndrome, oculomandibulodyscephaly with hypotrichosis, Aubry syndrome I, and Ullrich-Fremery-Dohna syndrome-is a rare genetic disorder, which comprisesmultiple congenital abnormalities affecting chiefly the head and face.

The diagnosis may be confirmed by thorough clinical evaluation; a detailed patient history; and streidf tests e. Most individuals with HSS have ocular abnormalities. Register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles Access PDFs of free articles Manage your interests Save searches and receive search alerts.

Mirshekari and Safar described a year-old woman with Hallermann-Streiff syndrome.

Additionally, management for certain heart defects, such as medication or surgery, may be needed. For infants with feeding and respiratory difficulties, early disease management should include monitoring of breathing, consideration of tracheostomy creation of an opening through the neck into the windpipe into which a tube is inserted, to help maintain an effective airwayand various supportive measures to improve feeding and halkermann sufficient intake of nutrients.

For information about clinical trials conducted in Europe, contact: Unfortunately the patient had to be admitted to hospital with acute respiratory distress and did not turn up for dental treatment despite multiple reminders. The case reported here was found to be mute who has not earlier been reported in this syndrome although no correlation to this syndrome could be established.

Treatment of uveal effusion syndrome by means of scleral surgery was considered but was halelrmann by the parents. A typical Hallermann-Streiff-Francois syndrome in three successive generations. In all but 3 of these, the affected persons were sibs.

Hallermann Streiff Syndrome – NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)

Recommended disease management may also include surgical reconstruction of certain craniofacial malformations particularly the mandibular and nasal region at the appropriate age.

This page was last edited on 26 Novemberat Autosomal dominant inheritance has been suggested in some cases. Sigirci A, et al. Individuals with the disorder typically have normal intelligence.

Most cases of Hallermann-Streiff syndrome are sporadic. Other syndromes resembling this disorder are caused by mutations in the RBBP8 gene on chromosome 18q In a review, Cohen pointed out that all cases have been sporadic, that the disorder has been both concordant and discordant in monozygotic twins, and that an affected female with 2 normal children was reported by Ponte He knew of 2 instances of concordant monozygotic twins and at least 10 families with 2 or more cases.


Five negative signs were also described by Francois as differential diagnostic criteria for HSS.

Generalized odontodysplasia in a 5-year-old patient with Hallermann-Streiff syndrome: Hallermann-Streiff syndrome HSS is a rare disorder that is hallermanh characterized by distinctive malformations of the skull and facial craniofacial region; sparse hair hypotrichosis ; streift abnormalities; dental defects; degenerative skin changes atrophyparticularly in the scalp and nasal regions; and proportionate short stature. Dyscephaly scaphocephaly or brachycephaly with frontal bossing and typical facies micrognathia, condylar aplasiaand thin pointed nose ; dental anomalies; proportionate nanism; hypotrichosis; atrophy of the skin localized to the head and nose; bilateral microphthalmia; and streifr cataracts.

Craniodentofacial manifestations in Hallermann-Streiff syndrome. None, Conflict of Interest: Congenital cataracts with unusually small eyes microphthalmia are important findings for the initial diagnosis of Hallermann-Streiff sreiff, but sttreiff disorders must be considered as part of the differential diagnosis, and this is best accomplished through whole exome sequencing given the extensive differential diagnosis, which includes a number of autosomal recessive disorders.

There are major differences but there are also similarities in phenotype, which sustain the suggestion that the syndrome can be caused by disturbed POLR3A functioning. The orodental abnormalities in the present case confirmed by radiographic examination were in the form of severely carious hypoplastic teeth, missing permanent teeth, persistent deciduous teeth, bilateral hypoplastic condyles and coronoid processes.

Such congenital heart defects have included an abnormal opening in the partition septum that separates the lower or upper chambers of the heart ventricular or atrial septal defects or abnormal narrowing of the opening between the pulmonary artery and the right ventricle of the heart pulmonary stenosis.

Rare Disease Database

Sur deux cas de streiff dyscephalique a tete d’oiseau. The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. Genu valgum Genu varum Genu recurvatum Discoid meniscus Congenital patellar dislocation Congenital knee dislocation. There is no cure for Hallermann—Streiff syndrome. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.