(The Hague Rules), as amended by the Protocol of 23 February ( Visby Rules). (Brussels, 21 December ). THE CONTRACTING PARTIES TO . (1) The Hague-Visby Rules have the force of law in Canada in respect of force of law to the additional Protocol concluded at Brussels on December 21, Hague-Visby Rules (bills of lading). Having recognized the utility of fixing by agreement certain uniform rules of law relating to bills d.d. 3.

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A final amendment was made in the SDR Protocol in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The definitions in this section apply in this Part. Article Hagus 1 Article 4, paragraph 5 a of the Convention is replaced by the following: Saint Christopher and Nevis.

eules Release of ships, etc. Force of law With only 10 Articles, the Rules have the virtue of brevity, but they have several faults. They are a slightly updated version of the original Hague Rules which were drafted in Brussels in hwgue The monetary unit referred to in the preceding sentence corresponds to The Governor in Council may make regulations requiring insurance or other financial security to be maintained to cover liability to passengers under this Part.

The Hague—Visby Rules were incorporated into English law by the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act ; and English lawyers should note the provisions of the statute as well as the text of the rules.

WWW.FOG.IT – Maritime, Air and Transport Law

Regulations and Orders Marginal note: Also, whereas the Hague—Visby Rules require a ship to be seaworthy only “before and at the beginning” of the voyage, under the Rotterdam Rules the carrier will have to keep the ship seaworthy throughout the voyage although this new duty will be to a reasonable standard that is subject to the circumstances of being at sea. Amendment of limits By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

This Web page has been archived on the Web. These exemptions include destruction or damage to the cargo caused by: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Admiralty court Vice admiralty court. Article IV 1 Each Contracting Party may at the time of signature or ratification of this Protocol or of accession thereto, declare that it does not consider itself bound by Article III. A controversial provision exempts the carrier from liability for “neglect or default of the master Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

Powers of Admiralty Court This denunciation shall take effect one year after the date on which notification thereof has been received by the Belgian Government. If within six months from the date of the request for arbitration the Parties are unable to agree on the organisation of the arbitration, any one of those Parties may refer the dispute to the International Court of Justice by request in conformity with the Statute of the Court.


The notifications with regard to the territorial application in accordance with Article X. The conversion of the amounts specified in that sentence into the national currency shall be made according to the law of the State concerned. Nevertheless, a State which is not a member of the International Monetary Fund and whose law does not permit the application of the provisions of the preceding sentences may, at the time of ratification of the Protocol of or accession thereto or at any time thereafter, declare that the limits of liability provided for in this Convention to be applied in its territory shall be fixed as follows: Previous Page Next Page.

Marine Liability Act

During ratification a British protectorate. The denunciations received in accordance with Article IX.

Retrieved from ” https: The Governor in Council may, by order, declare that an amendment made in accordance with Article VIII of the Protocol to any of the limits of liability specified in paragraph 1 of Article 7 or in Article 8 of the Convention, including the deductibles referred to in Article 8, has the force of law in Canada.

Views Read Edit View history. Under Article X, the Rules apply if “a the bill of lading is issued in a contracting State, or b the carriage is from a port in a contracting State, or c the contract of carriage provides that the Rules DONE at Brussels, this 21st day of Decemberin the English and French languages, both texts being equally authentic, in a single copy, which shall remain deposited in the archives of the Belgian Government, which shall issue certified copies.

The value of the national currency, in terms of the Special Drawing Right, of a State which is a member of the International Monetary Fund, shall be calculated in accordance with the method of valuation applied by the International Monetary Fund in effect at the date in question for its operations and transactions.

Nothing in this Part affects the operation of any other Part of this Act, or sections, and of the Canada Shipping Actor a provision of any other Act or regulation that limits the liability of owners of ships. The calculation and the conversion mentioned in the preceding sentences shall be made in such a manner as to express in the national currency of the State as far as possible the same real value for the amounts in sub-paragraph a of paragraph 5 of this Article as is expressed there in units of account.


The value of the national currency, in terms of the Special Drawing Right, of a State which is not a member of the International Monetary Fund, shall be calculated in a manner determined by that State. Article I For the purpose of this Protocol, “Convention” means the International Convention for the unification of certain rules of law relating to bills of lading and its Protocol of signature, done at Brussels on 25th Augustas amended by the Protocol, done at Brussels on 23rd February This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat If the Rules apply, the entire text of Rules is incorporated into the contract of carriage, and any attempt to exclude the Rules is void under Article III 8.

Ordinamenta et consuetudo maris Amalfian Laws Hanseatic League. Also, although Article III 4 declares a bill of lading to be a mere “prima facie evidence of the receipt by the carrier of the goods”, the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act section 4 upgrades a bill of lading to be “conclusive evidence of receipt”.

Hague–Visby Rules

Other statutory limitations of liability The declarations made in accordance with Article IV. By contrast, the shipper has fewer obligations mostly implicitnamely: Bareboat Demise Time Voyage.

For instance, although Article I c of 11979 Rules exempts live animals and deck cargo, section 1 7 restores those items into the category of “goods”. When, after 44 years of experience, the Rules were updated with a single minor amendment, they still covered only carriage wholly by sea thereby ignoring multi-modal transportand they barely acknowledged the container revolution of the s. This provision is considered unfair rues the shipper; and both the later Hamburg Rules which require contracting states to denounce the Hague—Visby Rules and Rotterdam Rules which are not yet in force refuse exemption for negligent navigation and management.

Article VIII 1 This Protocol shall come into force three months after the date of the deposit of five instruments of ratification or accession. The Protocol shall three months after the date of the receipt of such notification by the Belgian Government extend to the territories named therein, but not before the date of the coming into force of the Protocol in respect of such State.