Posts about The Diary of Antera Duke written by Devin Leigh. The Diary of Antera Duke: An Eighteenth-Century African Slave Trader By Stephen Behrendt, A.J.H. Latham and David Northrup. Oxford: Oxford University Press. The diary of Antera Duke: an eighteenth‐century African slave trader – By Stephen D. Behrendt, A. John H. Latham, and David Northrup.

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A leader in late eighteenth-century Old Calabar, a cluster of Efik-speaking communities in the Cross River dlary, he resided in Duke Town, forty-five miles from the Atlantic Ocean in what is now southeast Nigeria. October 4, 1.

The Black Flame Trilogy: An historian and anthropologist of Africa, Vansina devoted much of his career to developing a guide for fieldworkers who want to employ oral traditions as a primary source for understanding both the past and present of African societies. Diaryy captain failed to convince Duke Ephraim to lower his comey and departed for Cameroon.

Betting on the Africans Philip E. Part I of Africa Remembered: Du Bois, and Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham. Tag The Diary of Antera Duke. It was through this network that Duke learned to speak and write pidgin English.

Antera Duke – Wikipedia

Oxford University Press, These innovative departures are epitomized by scholarship like that of Jan Vansina. They explore the importance of the diary in the reconstruction of the history of Old Calabar, particularly in reference to the establishment of a chronology for major political and commercial figures of the eighteenth century, both on the African and European side. They are not just a medium to be turned to when written materials are unavailable.


The sections on religion and government at Old Calabar are particularly important.

Antera Duke | Slavery and Remembrance

The Introduction also examines in detail the development of the produce trade at Old Calabar and the importance of ivory as a secondary commodity to enslaved Africans. Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. In this regard, their discussion of the Ekpe society, which operated through a masquerade depicted as a leopard, as the governing body of the vast commercial network that extended from Old Calabar into the interior.

University of Wisconsin Press, Duke kept a diary, written in trade English a mix of African and English language used to conduct businessof his day-to-day activities in which he described trade operations and disputes with British slave ship captains. Behrendt, Latham and Northrup have provided an invaluable overview of Calabar history and the slave trade in an introduction of pages, including notes. He is author of Old Calabar, In the chapter that examines the slave trade at Old Calabar, Behrendt, Latham and Northrup provide an overview that spans the period from tothereby putting the extracts of the s into perspective.

Traders and local leaders, like the Dukes, could mobilize powerful political, economicand military resources in euke dealings with Europeans in the Atlantic economy. Du Bois, and Paul Finkelman. Again, the Diary provides invaluable information that accords with details gleaned from British accounts.

The Diary of Antera Duke, an Eighteenth-Century African Slave Trader

In his diary, Antera Duke ca. Du Bois, and Wilson J.

Du Bois, and Brent Hayes Edwards. View freely available titles: Du Bois, and Manning Marable. The second is a series of letters from a Fanti missionary, slave factory chaplain, and sharity school teacher named Philip Quaque Du Bois, and Lawrence Bobo. If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click ‘Authenticate’. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves.


The extracts cover the years — and offer a rare glimpse into the activities of one of the most important African merchants in the Bight of Biafra in the late eighteenth century, at the height of the transatlantic slave trade. To purchase, visit your preferred ebook provider. Because the kin and dependents of local merchants, such as Antera Duke, were used as pawns as security for goods extended on credit, the Ekpe society was essential both in assuring that debts were paid and in protecting those held as pawns dukee being taken off the coast and sold as slaves in the Americas.

In addition to keeping some of the goods for capital, Duke and his fellow traders would canoe down the Cross River and antdra them for more slaves to trade with British captains. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. In addition, the diary of a prominent Efik chief and slave trader named Antera Duke Ephrim constitutes the third source Since British merchants were virtually the only Rawley on a revised edition of The Transatlantic Slave Trade: