Index. ▫Jain Agam (Canonical) Literature ƒ Definition ƒ Classification ƒ Listings of Sutras ƒ Summary of Agams by Jainsects ƒ History of Preservation ƒ Agam. The Agama scriptures have been composed by Lord Tirthankaras by way of their meanings, whereas by ‘Sutra’ they have been composed by Lord Gandharas. Phone:: +91 22 1. ĀGAMA – AN INTRODUCTION (English): This booklet provides a brief summary of each Āgama with a few key sutras highlighted.

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This agam explains the subtle knowledge of soul, matter, and other related subjects. They have used the original Agam Sutras as the basis for their work. It also provides a description of the moon, sun, planets, and stars.

Jain literature – Wikipedia

It also describes the types of vows a wise person should take during various states of illness and how he should beg the pardon of all living beings in the universe. The earliest versions of Jain Agamas known were written in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit language. This agam defines and catalogues the main substances autras the Jain religion from a different perspective than the Sthananga Sutra.

Pratimasataka deals with metaphysics and logic. Fourteen Purvas The Prior Knowledge — considered totally lost.

The scriptures which are essential for monks gaam nuns to study in the early stages of their ascetic life are called Mool-sutras. Therefore the scriptures were not documented in any form but were memorized sutraz ascetics and passed on by oral tradition to future generations of ascetics.


It also describes the penance of Lord Mahavir. Lord Mahavir’s preaching were orally compiled into many texts scriptures by his disciples. However, the commentaries Bhashya and Churni written about this agam by some elder monks are available.

Jnata Dharma Kathanga Sutra Nayadhammakahao: It explains the qualifications of the listening monk or nun and with what sort of feeling the confession should be made. Commentary on Shatkhand-agam Vol 1 to 5.

This agam describes the Sun, the planets and the associated mathematics regarding their motion. In the end all ten princes went to hell after dying in war. Some scholars believe that it was so named, the knowledge, which existed before Lord Mahavira was called ‘Purva’.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This agam describes the story of King Konika’s avam.

Jain Agamas – Wikipedia

Digambars follow two main text and four Anuyogs written by great Acharyas scholars from to AD as the basis for their religious sitras and practices.

This agam describes the method of concentrated meditation Dhyana that one should observe through the description of Radhavedha.

Surya Prajnapti Sutra Surya Pannti: It also explains how a person can attain heaven in the next life. Fourteen Purvas The Prior Knowledge — considered totally lost.

They were compiled immediately after Lord Mahavir’s nirvana death. It was extremely difficult for the Jain ascetics to survive during this time. This agam tells the stories of ten sacred monks attaining liberation Moksha by destroying their karmas. However the Swetambar sect believes that only fourteen Purvas were forgotten but the significant portion of the remaining Agam Sutras were preserved by them and hence they decided to document the Agam Sutras canonical literature as remembered by them at various time.


State University of New York Press. Hence in its opinion, the complete Jain agam literature is lost within few hundred years after Sutrqs Mahavir’s nirvan. This agam contains the stories of an additional ten sacred monks who attained the top-most heaven, known as Anuttara heaven.

This agam explains the code of conduct of the ten lay followers Shravaks of Lord Mahavir.

They renounced the world and became monks. Among Ang-agams, Purvas were the sutraz sacred texts. Jain text composed by Acharya Kundakunda in the first century B.

The subject matter described in the Chhed-sutras is for ascetics and not for lay people. In olden times, Jain ascetics believe that the religious books and scriptures are possessions and attachments. Under such circumstances they could not preserve the entire canonical literature.

Jain literature

Traditionally these sutras were orally pass on from teachers acharyas or gurus to the disciples for several centuries. The scriptures, which were created in relation to Ang-agams, are called Upang-agams. Jain history indicates that during the course of time, Swetambar ascetics held three conferences; at Patli-putra B. This agam defines and catalogues the main substances of the Jain religion from a different perspective than the Sthananga Sutra.